Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is the equipment, complements and accessories that the worker wears or attaches and that are intended to protect him from one or more risks related to safety and health.
At Reysan we are specialists in work clothes and Personal Protective Equipment. In this post we are going to talk about the most common types of PPE and about what is and what is not a piece of equipment with these characteristics.
The legislation on the subject excludes as PPE, for example, ordinary work clothes (coats, jackets, normal sweatshirts ...) and uniforms that are not specifically intended to protect the health or physical integrity of the worker. However, there are also protective clothing that is considered as such, such as clothing against mechanical or chemical aggressions, anti-dust clothing or anti-gas clothing.
It is also excluded from PPE:
- Rescue and rescue service equipment.
- Personal protective equipment for State Security Forces and means of road transport.
- Equipment for sport, self-defence or deterrence.
- Portable devices for the detection and signalling of risks and nuisance factors.
Types of Personal Protective Equipment
So what can we classify as EPI? Let's look at two classifications:
EPIs by the severity of the risk
We can divide them according to the severity of the risk they protect:
They protect against risks known as "gradual effect", i.e. the user can become aware of their effects in time, before damage occurs. For example, mechanical aggressions with surface effects (gardening gloves) or exposure to mild cleaning agents (protective gloves).
They protect against a deadly danger or one that can seriously harm health. To name a few, they protect against toxic gases, electrical risks, intervention in very cold or hot environments or protection against very high falls.
Those not included in categories I or III, such as some PPE for hearing protection, safety footwear, protective clothing, head protection ...
By protection zone
Safety helmets, protective headgear (caps, hats, etc.) ...
Earmuffs, earplugs and different types of hearing protectors.
Eye and face protectors
Frame glasses, face shields, welding shields...
Respiratory tract protection
Filtering, insulating, breathing or scuba diving equipment.
Hand and arm protectors
All types of protective gloves, mittens, sleeves and sleeves.
Foot and leg protectors
Safety footwear, gaiters, knee pads, removable soles...
Protection creams and ointments.
Protectors of the trunk and abdomen
Vests, jackets and aprons protecting against mechanical or chemical aggressions, thermogens, protection against X rays...
Total body protection
Harnesses, fastening belts, protective clothing, equipment against falls from a height…